Vorkuta has no landscape. At the faraway arctic wasteland where tree line ends and tundra reigns, ruins & crosses are best landmarks and, at the same time, memorials to the past. From 1930s until 1960s Vorkuta had one of the biggest Gulag camps in the Soviet Union. Dozens of lagpunkts surrounded the town, and the inmates were mostly employed in mines. Hundreds of thousands of them from all around the Soviet Union – and foreign countries, as POW’s were hauled there during and after the World War II – suffered & perished here, and the permafrost ridden ground of Vorkuta became their grave. Most of the dead will remain nameless and, at the best, can hope for some rude reminder of their existence, like these two half-rotten crosses, other with barbed wire around it, at the edge of the Yur-Shor cemetery outside Vorkuta.